Top Five Dog Bite Injuries

by | Jan 31, 2022 | Injuries

Since 2003, the average dog bite injury settlement amount has more than doubled. Higher medical bills have fueled much of this increase. The injuries described below normally require extensive, and costly, treatment at regional hospitals. Additionally, medical technology has advanced considerably over the past twenty years. So, doctors better understand dog bite injuries and are better able to comprehensively treat them.

Medical bills and other economic losses, such as lost wages, are only one part of an injury claim. These victims also deserve compensation for pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment in life, emotional distress, and other noneconomic losses. Particularly in a dog bite case with severe injuries, the noneconomic losses usually exceed the economic losses.

These claims are quite complex in Kentucky. Victims have several legal options. At the same time, insurance companies could present a number of defenses. So, only the most experienced Lexington personal injury attorney should handle these claims. A less-experienced lawyer probably will not be able to obtain maximum compensation. No one wants to settle for less in these situations.

Broken Bones

These injuries often happen during the knockdown. Broken bones are especially severe if, as is frequently the case, a large dog, like a pit bull, lunges at a small child.

In fact, “broken” bones is a misleading phrase. The extreme and sudden force of these incidents usually crushes bones. As a result, doctors must use highly invasive techniques, like steel rod implants, to reconstruct these shattered bones.

So, the treatment is much more expensive than broken bones related to accidental falls. Furthermore, in many cases, the damage is permanent. Many victims never regain complete use of broken limbs.

Surface Lacerations

Some dogs, like retrievers, have unusual genetic makeups. Retrievers are bred to, well, retrieve objects. As a result, when they bite, their teeth might not penetrate very deeply.

However, even retriever dog bites cause serious injuries. Typically, dogs not only bite down. They also tear flesh. These injuries are often incredibly gruesome.

We mentioned specialty hospitals above. Surface lacerations always require specialized care. Usually, these victims need lots of stitches. Such open wounds are prone to infections. Once the wound partially heals, doctors normally must perform reconstructive surgery which includes skin grafts. The physical scars, as well as the emotional scars, often remain for a lifetime. More on that below.

Head Injuries

To discuss these injuries, we go back to the knockdown. The same force that crushes arm and leg bones usually crushes the skull. Bits of bone cut into the brain. These injuries usually cause severe swelling.

Sometimes, the motion of a fall, as opposed to the impact, causes a head injury. Contrary to popular myth, the brain doesn’t fit snugly inside the skull, like a head in a helmet. Instead, the brain is basically a water tank. This tank, which is full of cerebrospinal fluid, suspends the brain in the middle of the skull.

Sudden violent motion, like a fall, causes the brain to slam against the insides of the skull. Like the aforementioned injuries, bleeding and swelling are quite common. Doctors must usually perform risky and expensive surgery to relieve such swelling and prevent brain injuries from getting worse.

Brain injuries are already pretty bad. Traumatic Brain Injuries kill over 50,000 Americans every year.

Internal Injuries

Most large dogs are attack dogs by nature. They inflict as much damage as possible on the other animals, or people, they bite.

Dogs’ teeth often pierce internal organs. The kidney, bladder, stomach, and other organs have no protective skin layers. So, any force could cause massive bleeding. This bleeding is often hard to detect and hard to stop.

As a result, by the time dog bite victims reach hospitals, they are usually on the edge of hypovolemic shock and organ shutdown.


We mentioned physical scars above. Treatments are available that reduce the appearance of these physical scars. But these treatments only do so much. The marks are still permanent.

Other scars are not as visible. POst Traumatic Stress Disorder is a good example. Younger victims are especially prone to PTSD symptoms, such as hypervigilance (an unnatural fear of all dogs), depression, anger, and flashbacks. These symptoms make it difficult or impossible to function at school, home, work, or anywhere else.

Injury victims are usually entitled to substantial compensation. For a free consultation with an experienced personal injury lawyer in Lexington, contact the Goode Law Office, PLLC. You have a limited amount of time to act. #goodelawyers